Criminal Defense Lawyer
Criminal defense lawyers help defend people accused of committing a crime against prosecution from the government, with the objective of reducing their probation or helping them stay out of jail. The crimes handled by criminal defense attorneys range from small offenses like shoplifting to serious offenses like DUI, drug trafficking, assault and battery life, or even murder. Many lawyers who practice criminal defense had previous experience working on the prosecution side in the Office of the District Attorney (DA), either while at law school or after.
Employment & Labor Lawyer
Employment & Labor attorneys are exactly as they seem; they handle issues relating to employment. They mainly deal with making sure companies are complying with federal and state labor laws. Much like corporate attorneys, there are both litigation and transactional employment lawyers. Employment litigators would be the individuals who go to court to argue when/if a business violated the conditions of an employment contract or state law, whereas transactional employment lawyers deal more with drafting the employment records themselves when an employee is being hired. Some job attorneys do both litigation and transactional work.
Company Lawyer (also called Corporate Lawyer)
Company law is very broad, and company attorneys will often cope with several regions of law discussed below, including employment, intellectual property, and mergers and acquisitions. Occasionally these lawyers just focus on basic business legal tasks like forming your company, while others tend to be more encompassing and will work on all sorts of business requirements from employment issues to taxation compliance. Also, some lawyers focus just on small companies and startups, while others focus on large businesses. Remember that there are business licensed attorneys and business litigation attorneys as well. The gap between both of these types of business lawyers are important, in that business transactional lawyers handle transactions (such as negotiating prices ) and archiving files (such as employment agreements), whilst business litigation attorneys handle your lawsuits (such as when someone sues your employer for violating the terms of a contract). Most of the time, a business transactional lawyer won't conduct business litigation, and vice versa, although there are exceptions.
Tax attorneys usually help businesses and individuals comply with state and federal laws when filing their tax returns. However, a larger percentage of those lawyers go to court to defend you if the IRS audits you and you also face potential jail time or fines that are significant. Most individual tax attorneys also work in estate planning in some fashion unless they operate from the tax department of a large corporation.
An immigration attorney will help with anything about bringing a family member, employee, or person into the United States from another country. Most immigration lawyers' clinics rely heavily on companies since they require employment visas so as to attract employees to the United States from overseas. There are a plethora of forms to file with each government entity involved and intricate laws to be followed to be able to apply a non-citizen.So, you now understand a little more about what types of lawyers there are. If you're wanting to hire a lawyer, it's very important to figure out how to find the right attorney for your needs. Even though there are many overlapping practice areas, each kind of law is different and you'll need to be sure that you get a lawyer that specializes in the sort of legal service you want. Doing otherwise is risky and can create unnecessary legal trouble later on.